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HPPSC PGT Biology Syllabus

HPPSC PGT Biology Syllabus Overview:

Bansal Academy strives to provide comprehensive coaching for individuals preparing for the Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission (HPPSC) Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) Biology examination. Our coaching program offers an extensive coverage of the syllabus, emphasizing core concepts, practical applications, and effective exam preparation strategies.

1. Diversity of Living Organisms:

  • Taxonomy: Classification systems, hierarchical classification, and modern trends in taxonomy.
  • Biodiversity: Species diversity, ecosystems, conservation strategies, and biodiversity hotspots.

2. Cell Biology and Biochemistry:

  • Cell Structure & Function: Cell organelles, cell cycle, cellular respiration, and photosynthesis.
  • Biomolecules: Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, and enzymes.

3. Genetics and Evolution:

  • Mendelian Genetics: Laws of inheritance, chromosomal theory, and linkage.
  • Molecular Genetics: DNA structure, replication, transcription, translation, and genetic code.
  • Evolutionary Biology: Mechanisms of evolution, natural selection, speciation, and evidence of evolution.

4. Physiology and Human Biology:

  • Plant Physiology: Transport in plants, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, and plant growth.
  • Human Physiology: Digestive system, circulatory system, nervous system, endocrine system, and reproduction.

5. Ecology and Environmental Biology:

  • Ecological Concepts: Population dynamics, community ecology, and ecosystem structure.
  • Environmental Issues: Pollution, climate change, conservation strategies, and environmental laws.

6. Biotechnology and Applied Biology:

  • Biotechnological Applications: Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, and biotechnological techniques.
  • Microbiology: Microbial diversity, structure, function, and applications.


The HPPSC PGT Biology syllabus covers a broad range of topics including diversity, cell biology, genetics, physiology, ecology, and biotechnology. Aspirants preparing for the examination should focus on these areas, emphasizing conceptual understanding, practical applications, and their interconnections to excel in the examination.

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