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HP PGT Biology paper 2 Marking Scheme exam pattern and syllabus

HP PGT Biology Paper-2: Marking Scheme, Exam Pattern, and Syllabus

Preparing for the Himachal Pradesh Post Graduate Teacher (HP PGT) Biology Paper-2? Understanding the marking scheme, exam pattern, and syllabus is crucial for effective preparation. Here’s a detailed guide to help you navigate through the important aspects:

Marking Scheme:

The marking scheme for HP PGT Biology Paper-2 generally includes the following components:

  • Total Marks: The total marks for Paper-2 may vary, so it’s essential to check the official notification for specific details.

  • Question Distribution: Questions are distributed across different sections of the syllabus, with varying levels of difficulty.

  • Negative Marking: Some exams may have a negative marking scheme, deducting a fraction of marks for each incorrect answer. Carefully attempt questions to minimize negative marking.

  • Sectional Weightage: Different sections of the syllabus may carry different weights in terms of marks. Be aware of the distribution of marks across various topics.

  • Duration of the Exam: The time duration allotted for Paper-2 is specified in the exam guidelines. Efficient time management is crucial.

  • Question Types: Questions may be in various formats, including multiple-choice questions (MCQs), descriptive questions, and application-based problems.

Exam Pattern:

The HP PGT Biology Paper-2 exam pattern typically consists of the following:

  1. Subject-Specific Questions:

    • In-depth questions related to Biology and its various branches.
    • Topics may include cell biology, genetics, ecology, physiology, and more.
  2. Problem-Solving Skills:

    • Questions that assess the candidate’s ability to apply biological principles to solve complex problems.
  3. Analytical and Experimental Proficiency:

    • Questions may involve analytical reasoning and experimental design.
  4. Application of Biological Concepts:

    • Application-based questions testing the candidate’s understanding of practical aspects of Biology.
  5. Ecology and Environmental Science:

    • Questions related to ecological principles and environmental science.
  6. Research Aptitude:

    • Questions that evaluate the candidate’s research-oriented thinking and understanding of scientific methods.


The syllabus for HP PGT Biology Paper-2 is comprehensive and covers various branches of Biology. Some key topics include:

  1. Cell Biology:

    • Cell structure and function.
    • Cell division and cellular reproduction.
  2. Genetics:

    • Mendelian genetics.
    • Molecular genetics and genetic engineering.
  3. Ecology:

    • Ecosystem dynamics.
    • Biodiversity and conservation.
  4. Physiology:

    • Human physiology.
    • Plant physiology.
  5. Microbiology:

    • Microbial diversity.
    • Industrial microbiology.
  6. Evolution:

    • Principles of evolution.
    • Evidence of evolution.
  7. Biotechnology:

    • Recombinant DNA technology.
    • Applications of biotechnology.
  8. Botany and Zoology:

    • Plant and animal taxonomy.
    • Anatomy and morphology of plants and animals.

Preparation Strategy:

  1. Thorough Syllabus Understanding:

    • Begin your preparation by thoroughly understanding the entire syllabus. This will help you plan your study schedule effectively.
  2. Reference Materials:

    • Utilize standard reference books and study materials recommended for the HP PGT Biology exam.
  3. Practice Experimental Design:

    • Familiarize yourself with experimental setups and practice designing experiments based on biological concepts.
  4. Application of Biological Concepts:

    • Emphasize the application of theoretical knowledge to practical problems. Solve application-based problems and case studies.
  5. Stay Updated with Recent Developments:

    • Keep yourself updated on recent advancements in the field of Biology, especially in areas like biotechnology and environmental science.
  6. Mock Tests and Revision:

    • Take mock tests to simulate exam conditions and enhance time management skills. Regular revision is essential to reinforce your learning.

Remember, a well-structured and strategic approach to your preparation can significantly enhance your performance in the HP PGT Biology Paper-2 exam. Best of luck!

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